Dec. 12, 2019
A candlestick is one of the lighting appliances. It refers to an unadorned or decorated appliance with spikes or cavities to support a candle. It can also refer to a candle on a candlestick. Some containers can also function as crystal candlesticks, such as Glassware with floating wax, a small incense burner for fumigating essential oils, treated bamboo tubes, etc.
In the Three Kingdoms period, there were celadon lying sheep-shaped candlesticks, and Western Jin Dynasty lying lion-shaped candlesticks. In the Southern Dynasty, the style of the candlestick table was relatively rich, including lion-shaped, single-tube, double-tube, four-tube, lotus-shaped, etc. Among them, tubular candlesticks were popular in Fujian, with long handles with string patterns, and the upper end of the handle was an open bowl. Candle holder. The bases of candlesticks in the Sui and Tang dynasties were often carved with exquisite patterns. The Ming Dynasty candlesticks are rich in shapes and have high artistic appreciation. Among them, the candlesticks fired in Jingdezhen in Yongle and Xuande, the mouth and base are octagonal, and the neck is cylindrical. The blue and white Arabic candlestick of the Ming Dynasty Zhengde official kiln, collected by the Beijing Palace Museum, is a tubular column standing on a high plate. The candlestick shape after the Qing Dynasty basically inherited this style.
The ancients burned candles with candlesticks for cutting candles and receiving dripping wax oil. The simple one is a holder with sharp needles, which is elegant and will be cast into various craft shapes. The size is also different. The small one is placed on a few desks and can be moved by hand. The larger one is placed on the floor. It is shaped like a floor lamp. There are multiple trays that can burn several candles at the same time. There are also many multi-layered candlesticks. After being filled with candles, it looks like a silver flower and fire tree, with a bright light. The materials are silver, copper, iron, tin, wood, porcelain, and tile.
The metal candlestick is either forged, carved, painted, or cast with various patterns using an inverted mold process. It is a living appliance that integrates practicality, craftsmanship, ornamentality and decoration. Many of them are works by famous craftsmen of the past. They have ingenuity and innovation in the design and production process. And because it is generally common, the amount of the world is large, and the relatively low price is also easy to invest, which is very suitable for mass players to make category collections.
During the economic and prosperous Tang and Song dynasties, people paid more attention to the taste of life. Even the daily utensils were extremely delicate, so the candlestick was no longer a single living utensil, and it also had more artistic appreciation.
The nobles of the Tang Dynasty used precious rosewood to make candlesticks, carved into the shape of boys, and when they banqueted guests at night, they burned giant candles on them, called candle slaves.
Song Yi Tao Gu's "Qing Yi Lu" said: "The case held a candle iron man, a tall ruler five, and the cloud was a horse in Yang's stables. One evening, the candle was urgently needed, calling the small yellow gate, and walking over my golden slaves. "It is said that the emperor of the Southern Tang Dynasty, Li Yan, was frugal and made the candlestick made of iron by the emperor. It can be seen that during this period, the candlestick has already had an aesthetic concept, and has a higher artistic pursuit in terms of materials and craftsmanship.